If you're just starting to get involved with a business, then you need to understand all of the legal aspects of the business you want to run. Business litigation is what you use when there is a dispute between your business and a consumer or other party. Business litigation helps negotiate and remedy a situation when other arbitration doesn't work.
Here's an example. If you're a broker and are accused of acting unethically, you could have a business litigation lawsuit brought against you. If your efforts are shown to be unethical and they resulted in losses for your client, you could be held accountable.
As an individual, you could choose to bring business litigation against another company that stole your idea. Your intellectual property protected by a trademark, patent, or copyright should not be used by others, and if it is, you may be able to sue for compensation or other reparations.
Insurance disputes can also sometimes be solved with business litigation. For example, if you're running a small business and want to make an insurance claim, you'll file it with your agent. If the claim is denied without reason or the company attempts to avoid paying you the insurance payment you're owed, business litigation could help solve the issue and get you the compensation you want.
Many times, people don't need to resort to business litigation. Settlements can be made outside court, and it's possible to negotiate without having to litigate. When it's not possible, it's important to stand your ground with business litigation to make sure you get what you deserve out of your case.
Source: Enlighten Me, "What is Business Litigation," accessed May. 12, 2015